Technology

Creatine Kinase Levels during EMS Training

After a full-body EMS training session (strength program) your Creatine Kinase Levels (CK-levels) can be excessively high, far beyond the normal average value. In case you have your blood analysed 2-6 days after your last EMS-session, it is important to inform the responsible doctor of your recent EMS-training activity to prevent incorrect interpretation of your increased CK-levels.

Conventional Training vs. EMS Training

In conventional Training when one performs any exercise, their brain sends a message down the spinal cord through the nerves innervating all the muscles causing them to contract

In EMS Training an outside electrical source stimulates the nerves to send these signals to your muscle to contract. This is achieved by passing electrical currents through electrode pads placed over a muscle. The current passes through electrode pads placed over a muscle. The current passes through the skin to the nerves in the contact area, stimulating the connecting muscles to contract. Electrodes are attached to muscles and wired to the XBody device that sends low-level electricity through the skin to stimulate nerve and muscle fibers.

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Assessing CK levels

Muscular damage resulting from vigorous exercise is a common and normal event. Athletes often feel muscular soreness between 8 and 48 hours postexcercise, with peak levels occuring at around 48 hours. This soreness is thought to be the result of the muscular damage that can occur with any type of high-intensity workout. Although it is normal to sustain muscular damage with excercise, excessive damage can cause a condtion kown as extertional rhabdomyolysis, the degeneration of skeletal muscle caused by ecxessive unaccustomed excerise.

One of the most valid and reliable methods for assessing muscular damage is to check for increases in blood serum levels of creatine kinase (CK), the primary enzyme regulating anaerobic metabolism, because a high percentage of the body´s CK is present in skeletal muscle tissue. Assessing CK levels has been commonplace for more than 3 decades in studies investigsting muscular damage.

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Rhabdomylysis is a primary concern for clients training with EMS

Risk factors for extertional rhabdomylysis includes exercising in very hot and humid environments, not drinking enough water (dehydration), weight lifting, CrossFit, poor physical conditioning, fatigue and prior history of heat exhaustion. Although the prevalence and incidence of exterrional rhabdomylysis are not known due to the inherent fatigue, dehydration and blunt trauma that occur while playing football, exertional rhabdomylysis is a primary concern for clients training with EMS.

Solution for EMS clients

We have made several researches on the risk of high creatine kinase (CK) values and ended up with creating a client consent that includes all the factors and preautions to avoid severe health problems. A rise in the CK activity can be found 4 to 8 hours after the training. CK activity reaches a maximum after 12 to 24 hours and then falls back to the normal range after 3 to 4 days.

High CK levels because of:

  • Brain injury or stroke, scizophrenia
  • Bonvulsions
  • Delirium tremens, alcohol consumption
  • Polymyositis
  • Heart attack
  • Myocarditis
  • Pulmonary infarction
  • Muscular dystrophies
  • Myopathy
  • Cancer treatment

Recommendation for studio owners

Therefore we recommend having an interview with the clients in depth when starting with training based on EMS technology. The trainer must be aware of all consequences caused by EMS Training. Hortobabyi/ Denehan (1989) showed that is not uncommon for healthy excercising athletes to have high blood CK levels. High resting CK levels were attributed to decreased enzyme removal from the blood, permantly damaged muscle cell membranes as a result of chronic physical stress. This is a result also in higher level of protein breakdown and higher lean body mass of athletes.

Conclusion

To sum up, elevated levels of myoglobin in the blood can have toxic effect on the glomerular filtration rate (kidney fuction) causing potential failure of the organ, especially in dehydration cases. Therefore EMS trainers need to provide proactive rehydration (Program Water Drinking) for thier clients.

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Benefits of EMS Training

Why EMS Technology?

  • Electronic Muscle Stimulation (EMS) has many advantages over traditional fitness technologies:
  • Time saving (only 20 minutes/ 2 times a week)
  • Results come quickly and visibly
  • Works for any age, size, weight, gender or physical condition (in case of injuries or pain the training can be still effectively used)

Muscleactivation

Benefits of EMS Training

  • elicits a stronger contraction in the muscles: grown in muscle strength and size
  • improves the capillary network of soft tissues
  • fights against cellulite: better blood supply; muscle pump is the most effective way against cellulite
  • increases enzyme activity, growth hormone; muscle building
  • increases the amount of mitochondria
  • prevents from osteporosis and bone braking
  • enhances maximal strength potential
  • decreases body fat percentage: the effective strengthening training makes the body a real calorie burning oven
  • time saving: the whole muscular system is activated at the same time (whole body training)
  • targeted muscle building: every impulse hits the muscle precisely
  • relieving the joints: impulses are only targeted to muscles
  • balancing muscle system: outer impulses help the weaker links of the body to improve
  • posture improvement: impulses train also the deeper stabilizing muscles

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Research

Many studies has proven the positive benefits of EMS Training!

Research on the use of EMS Training as a method of training of skeletal muscle has increased over the past decade. Several studies have indicated that this training modality enable the development of maximal force and other benefits (also in the field of medical and beauty treatment; e.g. cellulite)

Why XBody?

  • User-friendly, clear and easy to use touchscreen
  • All Xbody devices have a 10” touch screen to make the workout a comfortably easy experience. There’s no need to use complicated buttons any more
  • User-friendly, clear and easy to use touchscreen
  • All Xbody devices have a 10” touch screen to make the workout a comfortably easy experience. There’s no need to use complicated buttons any more
  • You can easily choose between different trainings programs like strength training, cardiovascular training, massage and video training
  • You have also the opportunity to make adjustments in every trainings program (Hertz, Gain, Impulse, Pause, Depth of Impulse)
  • Multilingual system
  • Client´s data can be saved and recorded
  • The Owner can follow income of purchased training cards, edit trainer and set time
  • Top modern designed suit
  • Easily to suit up
  • Every Pads, Cables  and Electrods inside the suit
  • Every single Pad is replaceable
  • Pads are very resistant
  • Option Pads like Calf and Shoulders

xbody-training-suit

Quality in all parts of the product

  • ISO Certification in Production and Distribution
  • FIBO Award Winner 2014

Products

XBody is:

1. Result oriented
2. Time saving
3. No pain
4. Low investment costs
5. Low running costs
6. 92% is our target
7. Unique product with unique design
8. Most developed EMS technology

Remember

EMS is going to be the business of the forthcoming 10 years in the field of fitness, health and beauty industy.

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What is EMS Training?

Theoretical Background

Electrodes placed on the skin pass a gentle electrical current through its surface which activate muscles and nerves which in turn produce a contraction of the targeted muscle group.

header_ems-emaConventional Training vs. EMS Training

Conventional Training

When one performs any exercise, their brain sends a message down the spinal cord through the nerves innervating all the muscles causing them to contract

EMS Training

An outside electrical source stimulates the nerves to send these signals to your muscle to contract. This is achieved by passing electrical currents through electrode pads placed over a muscle. The current passes through electrode pads placed over a muscle. The current passes through the skin to the nerves in the contact area, stimulating the connecting muscles to contract. Electrodes are attached to muscles and wired to the XBody device that sends low-level electricity through the skin to stimulate nerve and muscle fibers.

EMS versus Conventional Training

How EMS Training works

image001The proposed advantage of using EMS is that the recruitment order is reversed relative to volitional exercise. During volitional activity, the central nervous system first activates the smallest alpha motoneurons. With increasing levels of required force, progressively larger motoneurons are activated. This recruitment order, dependent on the size of the alpha motoneuron, has been termed the ‘Hennemann´sche size principle’’ of motor unit recruitment.

Muscleactivation

The size of alpha motoneurons is related to the type of muscle fiber innervated by the motoneuron. Slow oxidative (SO) muscle fiber types are typically recruited first, whereas fast glycolitic (FG) are the most difficult to recruit during volitional activation. The order of muscle fiber recruitment is reversed when the muscle is activated via electrical stimulation, with the largest-diameter muscle fibers (FG) being recruited first and the smaller-diameter (SO) muscle fibers being recruited later.

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